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Table 4 Cardiac function parameters measured by echocardiography before interventions and after 3 h of reperfusion

From: In vivo MRI and ex vivo histological assessment of the cardioprotection induced by ischemic preconditioning, postconditioning and remote conditioning in a closed-chest porcine model of reperfused acute myocardial infarction: importance of microvasculature

  Isch IPreC IPostC RIC
Baseline 3 h Baseline 3 h Baseline 3 h Baseline 3 h
LV EDDI (mm/kg) 1.46 ± 0.10 1.54 ± 0.06 1.54 ± 0.10 1.54 ± 0.08 1.46 ± 0.08 1.46 ± 0.11 1.32 ± 0.10 1.44 ± 0.16
LV ESDI (mm/kg) 1.02 ± 0.11 1.21 ± 0.06 1.17 ± 0.10 1.21 ± 0.07 1.06 ± 0.07 1.09 ± 0.14 0.89 ± 0.11 1.09 ± 0.18
LV FS (%) 31.48 ± 3.87 23.83 ± 3.85 24.50 ± 2.91 21.85 ± 1.59 27.88 ± 1.80 27.13 ± 6.28 33.47 ± 4.47 28.04 ± 3.69
LV EF (%) 58.78 ± 6.04 37.90 ± 3.66* 47.60 ± 4.58 44.00 ± 2.67 53.75 ± 2.93 48.29 ± 8.29 60.07 ± 5.89 51.13 ± 6.76
LV EDVI (mL/kg) 3.07 ± 0.34 3.37 ± 0.26 3.37 ± 0.43 3.52 ± 0.49 3.14 ± 0.31 3.21 ± 0.45 2.53 ± 0.42 3.26 ± 0.78
LV ESVI (mL/kg) 1.41 ± 0.31 1.67 ± 0.25 1.61 ± 0.28 2.14 ± 0.32 1.47 ± 0.19 1.80 ± 0.40 1.09 ± 0.33 2.10 ± 0.81
LV SVI (mL/kg) 1.66 ± 0.14 1.41 ± 0.09 1.76 ± 0.32 1.38 ± 0.23 1.67 ± 0.18 1.41 ± 0.20 1.44 ± 0.18 1.31 ± 0.16
LV DMI (g/kg) 4.90 ± 0.61 4.87 ± 0.52 5.78 ± 0.99 4.73 ± 0.73 4.11 ± 0.60 4.52 ± 0.36 4.80 ± 0.55 4.53 ± 0.50
LV SMI (g/kg) 4.91 ± 0.63 5.03 ± 0.75 6.63 ± 1.29 5.10 ± 0.97 4.51 ± 0.82 4.34 ± 0.50 4.56 ± 0.75 4.99 ± 0.83
  1. * p < 0.05 vs. corresponding baseline. n = 9–10/group
  2. LV left ventricle, EDDI end-diastolic diameter index, ESDI end-systolic diameter index, FS fractional shortening, EF ejection fraction, EDVI end-diastolic volume index, ESVI end-systolic volume index, SVI stroke volume index, DMI diastolic mass index, SMI systolic mass index