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Table 3 Hemodynamic data

From: Effect of helium pre- or postconditioning on signal transduction kinases in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery

  Controls He-pre He-post He-PP APC
Heart rate (beats min−1)
 After sternotomy 56 ± 7 59 ± 8 62 ± 12 60 ± 10 60 ± 13
 After preconditioning 60 ± 11 59 ± 8 59 ± 9 61 ± 11 61 ± 13
 After CPB 72 ± 7 73 ± 10 73 ± 14 71 ± 12 80 ± 15
Mean arterial pressure (mmHg)
 After sternotomy 76 ± 12 74 ± 13 76 ± 14 77 ± 13 80 ± 16
 After preconditioning 66 ± 12 69 ± 13 64 ± 12 67 ± 11 68 ± 13
 After CPB 63 ± 12 64 ± 7 66 ± 11 70 ± 11 70 ± 14
Cardiac Index (L/min/m2)
 After sternotomy 2.1 ± 0.6 2.1 ± 0.6 2.0 ± 0.4 2.1 ± 0.4 2.2 ± 0.5
 After preconditioning 2.0 ± 0.7 2.1 ± 0.5 2.0 ± 0.4 2.3 ± 0.4 2.1 ± 0.5
 After CPB 2.4 ± 0.7 2.7 ± 0.8 2.4 ± 0.4 2.5 ± 0.7 2.1 ± 0.8
Pulmonary artery pressure (mmHg)
 After sternotomy 18 ± 6 16 ± 5 16 ± 5 17 ± 4 20 ± 3
 After preconditioning 18 ± 6 18 ± 6 14 ± 5 17 ± 4 18 ± 5
 After CPB 20 ± 6 18 ± 4 18 ± 4 20 ± 5 20 ± 4
PCWP (mmHg)
 After sternotomy 11 ± 6 10 ± 6 8 ± 6 10 ± 2 8 ± 4
 After preconditioning 4 ± 5 9 ± 6 9 ± 7 9 ± 3 9 ± 5
 After CPB 15 ± 6 11 ± 3 8 ± 3 13 ± 3 10 ± 1
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD; no significant differences were observed between groups
  2. He-Pre helium preconditioning; He-Post helium postconditioning; He-PP helium pre- and postconditioning; APC anesthetic preconditioning; CPB cardiopulmonary bypass; PCWP pulmonary capillary wedge pressure