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Table 2 Surgical specifications

From: Effect of helium pre- or postconditioning on signal transduction kinases in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery

  Controls He-pre He-post He-PP APC p value
ECC time (min) 88 ± 7 84 ± 6 91 ± 5 100 ± 7 95 ± 6 0.53
Cross-clamp time (min) 59 ± 4 54 ± 4 58 ± 5 67 ± 5 62 ± 4 0.51
Cardioplegia
 Blood (%) 18 (82) 17 (85) 18 (82) 14 (67) 18 (78) 0.36
 Saline (%) 4 (18) 3 (15) 4 (18) 7 (33) 5 (22) 0.36
Number of coronary arteries
 1 1 (4) 1 (5) 0 (0) 2 (8) 1 (4) 0.19
 2 9 (33) 6 (27) 4 (17) 8 (33) 7 (29) 0.19
 3 17 (63) 15 (68) 17 (81) 14 (58) 16 (67) 0.19
 Left main 9 (32) 8 (36) 3 (13) 20 (42) 10 (40) 0.88
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD; no significant differences were observed between groups
  2. He-Pre helium preconditioning; He-Post helium postconditioning; He-PP helium pre- and postconditioning; APC anesthetic preconditioning
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