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Table 3 Major results of experiment with statistics adopted highlighted in italics text

From: Effects of eight weeks of time-restricted feeding (16/8) on basal metabolism, maximal strength, body composition, inflammation, and cardiovascular risk factors in resistance-trained males

  IF pre IF post ΔIF t test ND pre ND post ΔND t test 2 Way ANOVA Time * Diet
FFM (kg) 73.08 ± 3.88 73.72 ± 4.27 n.s. 73.93 ± 3.9 74.41 ± 3.59 n.s. n.s.
FM (kg) 10.90 ± 3.51 9.28 ± 2.47 0.0005 11.36 ± 4.5 11.05 ± 4.274 n.s. 0.0448
Arm muscle CSA (cm2) 48.52 ± 3.80 49.37 ± 3.66 n.s. 48.93 ± 4.05 50.17 ± 6.27 n.s. n.s.
Thigh CSA (cm2) 148 ± 34.87 153.77 ± 36.83 n.s. 150.26 ± 22.21 157.35 ± 32.56 n.s. n.s.
Bench press 1-RM (kg) 107.08 ± 18.01 110.36 ± 16.53 n.s. 109.82 ± 14.72 110.57 ± 15.11 n.s. n.s.
Leg press 1-RM (kg) 282.8 ± 30.11 290.00 ± 27.77 n.s. 298.56 ± 25.76 309 ± 68.94 n.s. n.s.
Adiponectin (μg/mL) 11.8 ± 4.3 13.9 ± 3.7 0.0001 10.8 ± 5.5 10.9 ± 4.3 n.s. 0.0000
Leptin (ng/mL) 2.1 ± 0.6 1.8 ± 0.4 0.0002 2.4 ± 0.5 2.3 ± 0.4 n.s. 0.0001
Leptin (ng/mL/kg bw) 0.21 ± 0.07 0.2 ± 0.06 n.s. 0.24 ± 0.11 0.24 ± 0.11 n.s. n.s.
IL-6 (ng/L) 1.33 ± 0.23 1.08 ± 0.22 0.0035 1.24 ± 0.38 1.19 ± 0.33 n.s. n.s.
TNF-α (ng/L) 5.58 ± 0.92 5.13 ± 0.8 0.0001 5.69 ± 0.77 5.86 ± 0.72 n.s. n.s.
IL-1β (ng/L) 0.93 ± 0.19 0.81 ± 0.07 0.0042 0.92 ± 0.12 0.94 ± 0.12 n.s. 0.0235
Testosterone total (nmol/L) 21.26 ± 6.51 16.86 ± 4.25 0.0001 18.60 ± 5.68 18.85 ± 4.57 n.s. 0.0476
IGF-1 (ng/mL) 216.94 ± 49.55 188.90 ± 31.48 0.0109 215.59 ± 56.25 218.41 ± 42,24 n.s. 0.0397
Insulin (mU/mL) 2.78 ± 0.6 1.77 ± 0.9 0.0303 2.56 ± 0.5 2.22 ± 0.4 n.s. n.s.
TSH (mUI/L) 1.28 ± 0.6 1.27 ± 0.7 n.s. 1.30 ± 0.8 1.31 ± 0.6 n.s. n.s.
T3 (ng/dL) 83.21 ± 17.23 74.32 ± 26.66 0.0001 81.12 ± 20.00 82.35 ± 25.55 n.s. n.s.
Glucose (mg/dL) 96.64 ± 5.1 85.92 ± 7.13 0.0011 95.21 ± 47.77 96.02 ± 65.32 n.s. n.s.
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 193.45 ± 6.6 191.37 ± 11.2 n.s. 196.33 ± 9.93 197.12 ± 15.66 n.s. n.s.
Cortisol (ng/mL) 174.25 ± 56.78 186.05 ± 68.5 n.s. 191.24 ± 70.34 185.78 ± 65.89 n.s. n.s.
HDL-c (mg/dL) 54.11 ± 5.89 58.06 ± 6.11 0.0142 53.33 ± 9.67 54.12 ± 9.9 n.s. n.s.
LDL-c (mg/dL) 114.58 ± 11.33 110.26 ± 12.27 n.s. 115.58 ± 9.9 116.08 ± 11.56 n.s. n.s.
TG (mg/dL) 123.78 ± 15.12 115.23 ± 11.77 0.0052 137.10 ± 16.98 134.58 ± 15.66 n.s 0.0201
REE (kcal/day) 1880 ± 94.15 1891 ± 100.56 n.s. 1901 ± 88.76 1895 ± 93.56 n.s. n.s.
RR 0.83 ± 0.02 0.81 ± 0.01 0.0421 0.83 ± 0.03 0.83 ± 0.02 n.s. n.s.
        Mixed model ANOVA with FM as covariate
Adiponectin (μg/mL) 11.8 ± 4.3 13.9 ± 3.7   10.8 ± 5.5 10.9 ± 4.3   0.0000
Leptin (ng/mL) 2.1 ± 0.6 1.8 ± 0.4   2.4 ± 0.5 2.3 ± 0.4   0.0002
Leptin (ng/mL/kg bw) 0.21 ± 0.07 0.2 ± 0.06   0.24 ± 0.11 0.24 ± 0.11   0.0135
IL-1β (ng/L) 0.93 ± 0.19 0.81 ± 0.07   0.92 ± 0.12 0.94 ± 0.12   0.0224
  1. Results are presented as mean ± SD
  2. n.s. not statistically significantly different (p > 0.05)