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Table 2 Characteristics of human cortical and cancellous bones

From: Recent advances in bioprinting techniques: approaches, applications and future prospects

Bone type Porosity (%) Pore size (μm) Compressive strength (MPa) Young’s modulus (GPa)
Cortical bone 3–12 <500 130–225 3–30
Cancellous bone 50–90 500–1000 4–12 0.01–0.5