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Table 1 Summary of treated patients

From: Intra-discal injection of autologous, hypoxic cultured bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in five patients with chronic lower back pain: a long-term safety and feasibility study

Patient Route Disc injected Total MSCs injected (millions) Follow up (years) Adverse events
1 Intra-discal L5–S1 27.7 5 None
2 Intra-discal L5–S1 51.6 6 None
3 Intra-discal L5–S1 23.7 4 None
4 Intra-discal L5–S1 15.1 5 None
5 Intra-discal L4–L5 35.9 5 None