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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria of patients

From: Impact of intra-operative cell salvage on blood coagulation in high-bleeding-risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass: a prospective randomized and controlled trial


Inclusion criteria

Exclusion criteria

Opportunity of surgery

Scheduled for cardiac surgery with CPB

Emergency cardiac surgery with CPB

Type of surgery

Multiple valves replacement

The first time single valve replacement


Reoperation (at least 1 item above 3 items must be met)

Characteristics of patient

Age >70 years


BSA <1.6 m2

Cr >15 mg/L

Liver Child–Pugh B or C

R (TEG) >10 min;

HB <13 g/dL (male) or 12 g/dL (female)

PLT <50 × 109/L

Drug withdrawal <3 days (Aspirin) or 7 days (Clopidogrel) (at least 2 items above 8 items must be met)

  1. Eligible patient must meet opportunity of surgery and type of surgery and characteristics of patient at the same time
  2. Multiple valves replacement aortic valves replacement + mitral valve replacement
  3. Bentall aortic valve replacement + ascending aorta and aortic root replacement
  4. Reoperation not the first time single or multiple valve replacement
  5. BSA body surface area, TEG thromboelastography, HB hemoglobin, PLT platelets, Cr creatinine