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Table 3 Trace elements concentrations in umbilical cord plasma and in maternal peripheral blood grouped by birth weight

From: Assessment of ten trace elements in umbilical cord blood and maternal blood: association with birth weight

  Umbilical cord blood Maternal peripheral blood
SGA (n = 11) AGA (n = 30) LGA (n = 13) p value SGA (n = 8) AGA (n = 25) LGA (n = 13) p value
Arsenic (nM/L) 273.5 ± 24.8 274.7 ± 56.0 260.8 ± 29.3 NS 27.09 ± 17.43 28.42 ± 19.23 23.51 ± 9.04 NS
Barium (nM/L) 4061.2 ± 3205.0 3734.0 ± 3847.5 2969.5 ± 4051.1 NS 4055.5 ± 2915.1 2325.5 ± 2585.5 1521.6 ± 2419.6 <0.05
Cobalt (nM/L) 4.87 ± 1.31 4.78 ± 1.42 4.13 ± 1.8 NS 11.71 ± 5.45 11.42 ± 8.73 7.90 ± 4.96 NS
Copper (µM/L) 4.97 ± 1.62 3.79 ± 0.98 3.49 ± 0.80 <0.05 26.68 ± 11.84 22.41 ± 6.92 21.97 ± 7.64 NS
Chrome (nM/L) 65.5 ± 12.6 70.1 ± 17.0 72.60 ± 19.7 NS 28.86 ± 0.21 29.01 ± 11.12 29.07 ± 1.02 NS
Iron (µM/L) 5.80 ± 1.52 6.26 ± 2.48 5.57 ± 2.17 NS 5.3 ± 1.17 5.17 ± 1.53 4.85 ± 1.63 NS
Magnesium (mM/L) 0.66 ± 0.22 0.64 ± 0.20 0.56 ± 0.22 NS 0.94 ± 0.19 0.83 ± 0.18 0.76 ± 0.13 <0.01
Manganese (nM/L) 67.46 ± 23.13 55.85 ± 24.49 54.85 ± 35.27 NS 36.05 ± 18.33 31.24 ± 8.54 ND NS
Selenium (nM/L) 442.0 ± 79.81 439.0 ± 84.83 433.8 ± 67.37 NS 680.9 ± 298.6 712.37 ± 160.2 701.92 ± 213.91 NS
Zinc (µM/L) 10.03 ± 2.25 10.5 ± 2.40 11.34 ± 2.33 NS 11.82 ± 2.04 11.5 ± 2.83 11.60 ± 1.09 NS
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± SD; p value <0.05 statistical significance of the differences among groups
  2. NS non-significant, ND not detected
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