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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Increase of plasma IL-9 and decrease of plasma IL-5, IL-7, and IFN-γ in patients with chronic heart failure

  ICM (n = 42) NIDCM (n = 27)
Age mean (range) 67 ± 7.4 (47-81) 65 ± 8.7 (47-80)
Sex M/F 41/1 24/3
NYHA class II-IV II-IV
LVEF % 33 ± 8.0 28 ± 7.0
LVIDd mm 62 ± 8.83 69 ± 9.53
Medications %   
Β-Antagonists 86 92
ACE-inhibitors 58 75
Loop diuretics 70 13
Aldosterone antagonists 34 46
Digitoxin 4 21*
Nitrate 9 3
  1. * p < 0.05 vs ICM