Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of patients

From: The expression of TGF-β1, Smad3, phospho-Smad3 and Smad7 is correlated with the development and invasion of nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas

  Invasive NFPAs Noninvasive NFPAs
Demographics   
  Number 29 21
  Age (years) 51.9 ± 11.0 (26–68) 49.6 ± 9.9 (29–71)
  Male/Female 13 (44.8%)/16 (55.2%) 11 (52.4%)/10 (47.6%)
Symptom   
  Headache 20 (69.0%) 10 (47.6%)
  Visual deficit 13 (44.8%) 6 (28.6%)
  Hypopituitarism 14 (48.3%) 2 ( 9.5%)
  None 3 (10.3%) 12 (57.1%)
Classification   
  NF+ 4 (13.8%) 3 (14.3%)
  NF- 25 (86.2%) 18 (85.7%)
Tumor size (cm)   
  <3 2 ( 6.9%) 18 (85.8%)
  ≥3 27 (93.1%) 3 (14.2%)