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Table 2 Frequency of subjects with alterated values of the explored variables in subjects with high BMI distinguished in stone formers and non-stone formers

From: Relevance of Mediterranean diet and glucose metabolism for nephrolithiasis in obese subjects

  Stone formers N (%) Non-stone formers N (%)
Subject count 45 445
Sex (M/F) 18/27 137/308
BMI > 30 kg/m2 24 (53.3) 233 (52.4)
Total serum cholesterol >200 mg/dl 27 (60) 276 (62.1)
Serum HDL <50 mg/dl in F or <40 mg/dl in M 31 (68.9) 339 (76.3)
Serum triglycerides >150 mg/dl 17 (37.7)‡ 80 (17.9)
Fasting serum glucose >100 mg/dl 22 (48.8)* 121 (27.2)
Serum gGT > 24 U/I in F or >30 U/I in M 19 (45.2) 148 (36.5)
Serum AST >30 U/I in F or >40 U/I in M 7 (15.5)† 28 (6.3)
Serum ALT >35 U/I in F or >40 U/I in M 11 (24.4) 71 (16)
Waist circumference >80 cm in F or >92 cm in M 43 (95.6) 426 (95.7)
Subcutaneous abdominal tissue >4 cm 10 (22.2) 99 (22.9)
Visceral abdominal tissue >4 cm 40 (88.9) 346 (77.8)
Systolic blood pressure >130 mmHg 16 (35.5) 134 (30.1)
Diastolic blood pressure >85 mmHg 13 (28.9) 84 (18.9)
MedDiet score ≥ 9 8 (17.8) 67 (15.1)
  1. ‡p = 0.003.
  2. *p = 0.004.
  3. †p = 0.015.