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Table 1 Characteristics of type 2 diabetes cases and controls at baseline

From: Lack of association of the HMGA1 IVS5-13insC variant with type 2 diabetes in an ethnically diverse hypertensive case control cohort

Characteristic* Type 2 diabetes cases (n=1775) Controls (n=1295) p value
Age (years) 65.8 (9.2) 65.7 (9.1) 0.93
Female, n (%) 1,014 (57) 731 (56) 0.71
BMI (kg/m2) 30.6 (5.6) 28.9 (5.4) <0.0001
Race/ethnicity, n (%) 0.15
Caucasian 608 (34) 493 (38)  
Hispanic 937 (53) 642 (50)  
African American 216 (12) 153 (12)  
Blood pressure (mm Hg)
Systolic 149 (19) 148 (18) 0.32
Diastolic 85 (11) 86 (10) 0.0008
Hypercholesterolemia, n (%) 1,017 (57) 673 (52) 0.003
History of LVH, n (%) 319 (18) 174 (13) 0.0007
History of CHF, n (%)** 84 (5) 25 (2) <0.0001
History of smoking, n (%) 706 (40) 507 (39) 0.73
  1. BMI indicates body mass index; LVH, left ventricular hypertrophy; CHF, congestive heart failure.
  2. *Values are mean ± standard deviation unless otherwise noted. †P values represent t-tests and chi square tests where appropriate. ‡History of or currently taking lipid-lowering medications. **New York Heart Association Class I-III.