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Table 1 Anthropometric and clinical characteristics of mothers and newborns grouped by birth weight

From: Metabolomic profiling in blood from umbilical cords of low birth weight newborns

  Control (n = 30) LBW (n = 20) p-value
Maternal Characteristics    
 Maternal age (years) 30.22 ± 5.65 30.50 ± 6.10 NS
 Pregnancy weight gain (g) 12581 ± 428 11025 ± 301 NS
 Delivery (vaginal/Cesarean section) 21/9 (70%) 12/8 (60%) NS
 Maternal Body Mass Index 24.0 ± 3.1 22.8 ± 2.1 NS
Newborns Characteristics    
 Gestational age at delivery (weeks) 38.95 ± 0.90 37.64 ± 1.50 p < 0.05
 Sex (male/female) 20/10 (66.7%) 5/15 (33.3%) p < 0.01
 Birth weight (g) 3756 ± 148 2371 ± 177 p < 0.0001
 Height (cm) 50.46 ± 1.45 45.55 ± 1.14 p < 0.0001
 Head circumference (cm) 34.70 ± 1.00 32.10 ± 1.80 p < 0.0001
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 73.88 ± 13.20 65.15 ± 11.50 p < 0.05
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 44.20 ± 11.22 40.70 ± 8.70 NS
 Heart rate (bpm) 130.14 ± 16.30 128.33 ± 17.90 NS
  1. The values are expressed as mean ± SD; p-value, statistical significance of the differences among groups; NS, Non-significant; LBW, low birth weight.